Dental diseases are linked to microorganisms that produce toxic chemicals to destroy dental tissue. The oral cavity is full of different kinds of bacteria that use the resources in the mouth to survive. The bacteria have three classifications. They are either pathogenic, beneficial or neutral. When the oral cavity is dominated by pathogenic bacteria, there is dental disease. When the oral cavity is dominated by beneficial bacteria, there is good dental health.
The neutrals, which make up over 90% of the bacteria, follow whichever kind of bacteria dominates the environment. When there are no dominant bacteria, the oral cavity is ecologically balanced, which means that pathogens can not do damage. The two bacteria neutralize each other. The game is tied, so to speak. When the balance is shifted or ecologically shifted toward the side of pathogenic bacteria, there becomes a good chance of dental disease. Treatment of dental disease includes reversing the balance to shift the environment to favor beneficial bacteria.
Different kinds of dental disease
Tooth decay: Tooth decay is due to an Acid Base Chemistry that has excess amount of acid. The disease is associated with sugar bugs. Sugar bugs are adult bacteria that thrive on white refined sugar. Remains of sticky candy and other white sugar sweets attach in between the teeth and in the grooves of the teeth. The sugar bugs attack the remaining particles because they have the enzymes to digest the white sugar to use for energy.
The sugar bug release byproducts of strong acids that eat through the enamel of the teeth. The sugar bug dominates the environment and influences other remaining bacteria to become allies in decaying the teeth. The strong acids are not the right environment for enteric bacteria and they seem to disappear. They either die or they go back to being spores. The key pathogen has been identified as Streptocoocus mutans. The obvious solution is to not eat white refined sugar.
This is impossible since the food manufacturers know that white refined sugar is addicting. Also white refined sugar is a good source of instant energy. The public will buy more food if there is white refined sugar. Apparently brown sugar does not have the addicting properties as that of white refined sugar. Children need lots of energy and become addicted to the sugar taste. As a result, children are prone to tooth decay. Good brushing habits and dental floss may remove some of the food particles but many of the particles still remain. Strong antibacterial toothpastes may destroy the sugar bugs, but they hide inside the teeth, under the gums and under the tongue to escape the toxic chemicals.
The best solution to tooth decay is to remove existing decay by going to the dentist, then stay away from white refined sugar. Balance the diet with alkaline foods. If there are children, teach good oral hygiene, keep them away from white refined sugar, keep your fingers crossed and pray. Pure water may keep children from drinking too much soda pop but sometimes that is wishful thinking. There is a connection of foul tasting water and a higher incidence of tooth decay.
Gingivitis: Gingivitis is a dental disease that exhibits symptoms of bleeding, swelling and some pain. Gingivitis occurs in a mild alkaline to mild acid environment. The cause is improper oral hygiene and lack of enzymes to digest certain food substances. The main bacteria linked to the disease are pathogenic enteric bacteria. Pathogenic enteric bacteria are gram negative bacilli that are the main food pathogens. The pathogens are scavengers that take left over food particles that have started to decay and digest them for nutrients and energy. They release as byproducts toxic fumes that destroy epithelial cells in the oral cavity. Enteric bacteria have thin cell walls so that the toxins cause acid bacteria to disappear.
Acid bacteria have thick cell walls and the toxins of enteric bacteria either cause them to die or revert back to a spore form. The spores of bacteria are found in all food substances. Enteric bacteria start to grow when the food starts to spoil. The symptoms of gingivitis show that the immune system is at work. The swelling and bleeding are due to the immune system sending the body scavengers to destroy the bacteria.
Periodontal disease: Periodontal disease is due to the suppression of gingivitis. The Acid Base Chemistry is alkaline. The bacteria begin with the same bacteria that are associated with gingivitis, the enteric bacteria. As the environment becomes more alkaline, the enteric bacteria die or go back to their spore form. The new bacteria that grows may be a primitive spore form of what may be called plaque bacteria. Plaque bacteria grow to form crystals that attach to the teeth.
The crystals destroy the ligaments that attach the bone to the teeth. This destruction process results in pockets. The pockets trap more food particles to keep the disease progressing. Eventually all the available minerals are used up and the plaque bacteria start to use the minerals from bone. The combination of pockets and loss of bone may end up in loose teeth that are finally extracted by dentists. Periodontal disease may end up in loss of all teeth. Treatment for periodontal disease is scaling by the dentist and changing the Acid Base Chemistry to become more acid.
Dental plaque is a calcium carbonate and calcium phosphate crystal formation that occurs when the pH of saliva and blood in the oral cavity becomes too alkaline. The alkaline environment produces an electromagnetic field around plaque bacteria that attracts calcium to its surface. Calcium continues to build until the plaque bacteria become a magnet to attract other plaque bacteria to its cell wall. The plaque bacteria continue to pile on top of each other until they form a colony.
The colony becomes a large magnet to deplete all the calcium and phosphate in saliva and blood in the oral cavity. The body replenishes the lost calcium and phosphate by removing them from the underlying bone that supports the teeth. The calcium and phosphate that attaches to the colony of plaque bacteria form a shell of calcium apatite crystal. The crystal is what is called dental plaque. Dental plaque are attracted to fibroblasts that repair and regenerate fibrous connective tissue. The combination of destroying fibrous connective tissue and bone loss is what is called periodontal disease.
Mouth odor: Mouth odor, better known as bad breath or halitosis is due to enteric bacteria. The Acid Base Chemistry is mild alkaline to mild acid. The bacteria are found on the tongue, under the tongue and hiding in crevices under the gums. Food particles lodge under the gums and in between teeth where enteric bacteria digest the particles to release odors. The food particles contain nitrogen and sulfur. That means that the food particles are proteins, mostly animal and poultry products.
The toxins are some form of ammonia or hydrogen sulfide gas. The odor may be ammonia or hydrogen sulfide from the stomach and gut. The gases have been sent back to the oral cavity when the proteins rot in the stomach and gut. The same enteric bacteria found in the gut digest the rotten proteins and send the gases back to the mouth. Treatment is to use protein enzyme supplements that include vitamins and minerals. Also use plant aromatic acids to make the environment more acid to neutralize the toxic fumes. Another supplement is to use probiotics to use bacteria to control the enteric bacteria and neutralize the toxic fumes by using their own enzymes to digest the gases.
Dental disease is an Acid Base Chemistry imbalance that lets certain potential bacteria grow. The true solution may be to keep a clean and toxic free oral cavity to prevent dental disease. Toxic free means not to use products that release toxins that attract potential pathogenic bacteria. It is like a room in your house. Keep it clean and free of toxic chemicals and the room will not make you sick. Keep it dirty with rotten food particles and sprays that are toxic and you will most likely get sick. It all depends on the condition of the room. In a clean room with no toxic chemicals, even the pathogens become harmless .